The lure of the moon contains a lot of titanium .
In today's world of high-tech development, space technology has become the most "into the high point" technology for modern society, and one of the most intense areas of international high-tech competition.
The development of space technology not only reflects the comprehensive national strength of a country and the level of contemporary science and technology development, but also brings economic and social benefits that traditional technologies cannot achieve for the modernization of economic construction, science culture and social life. Because of this, a battle of "territory" without smoke is being staged in vast and innocent space.
Although no country currently has a comprehensive space development plan comparable to the United States, in the process of exploring space, more and more countries are implementing limited space development plans or actively participating in international space cooperation to improve their own Space technology capabilities.
The Moon is the only natural satellite of the Earth. It is the closest celestial body to the Earth. It has a geological record of its surface since its formation 4.6 billion years ago. It is of great significance to people's understanding of the origin and evolution history of the Earth and the Solar System. It can be said that the moon is the best "specimen" to study the origin and evolution of the earth. Detecting the celestial body-the moon closest to the Earth is undoubtedly the first step toward deep space exploration. Therefore, the United States, Russia, Japan, Germany, the United Kingdom, India and many other countries have used the lunar exploration as the preferred target for detecting the solar system. .
The Agreement on the Moon adopted by the UN General Assembly in 1979 and the Outer Space Treaty adopted in the early years stated that the moon does not belong to any country, and the moon and its natural resources are â€œcommon property of all mankindâ€ as long as â€œfor peaceâ€. The purpose is to "benefit all mankind" and all countries have the right to investigate it.
Scientific investigations have shown that there are more than 100 kinds of known minerals such as titanium, iron , uranium , thorium , rare earth, magnesium , phosphorus , silicon, sodium, potassium, nickel , chromium and manganese in the rocks widely distributed on the moon. including five kinds of mineral earth not; only mare basalts contain exploitation of titanium metal will have at least 100 trillion tons. The lunar surface of the moon is rich in gas formed by the accumulation of solar wind particles. These gases, especially helium-3, are clean, safe and efficient fuels for future nuclear fusion power generation.
For every kilogram of helium-3 burned, 19 megawatts of energy can be generated. According to this calculation, China's total power generation in a year needs about 8-10 tons of helium-3, and the total annual power generation in the world is only over 100 tons.æ°¦-3. The total resources of æ°¦-3 on Earth are only a few hundred kilograms, and æ°¦-3 is almost the most expensive thing in the world. The value of gram-3 is 20 times that of 1 gram of gold. It is estimated that the resources of the æ°¦-3 on the Moon have reached 1 million to 5 million tons. After the commercialization of nuclear fusion power generation in the future, from the perspective of aerospace technology, the æ°¦-3 is transported back to Earth from the moon. Although the cost of interplanetary transportation is staggering, the profits are surprisingly large and operational.
Mr. Ouyang believes that in addition to the huge temptation of the æ°¦-3, the Moon is a â€œvacuum world (ultra-high vacuum, no climate change, no pollution, weak gravity, stable foundation, no magnetic field and radio wave interference)â€ for astronomical observation, basic science An ideal place to experiment and develop new materials and biological products; mineral resources other than æ°¦-3 can also be exploited and utilized, all of which are attractive enough for countries with capabilities.
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